1183_5 Effect of Ca(NO3)2 or KNO3/Ca(NO3)2 floral initiation spray schedules on flowering intensity and yield in 'Keitt' mango, and the additional effect of spraying with Speedfol during flowering 1183_6 Use of mango root DNA density to quantify differences in mango fine-root distribution ����a�v�t�����wh����4�� Floral formula: Distribution of Anacardiaceae: The family is also called Mango or Cashew family. The mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches up to two feet. Flowering in the field commenced in May and reached its peak in July or August. 2 0 obj Anthesis is the period between flower opening and the onset of "v. 0000004576 00000 n 0000002465 00000 n Calyx, corolla. 0000083843 00000 n 0000003006 00000 n 0000080299 00000 n The pericarp layer is actually the outer wall of the ovary from which the fruit developed. Alphonso, Totapuri and Amrapali, differing in fruit set intensity. Egg: Females lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period. The mango inflorescence is basically terminal. Mango flowers are either male (staminate) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels (perfect). Some features of flower are as given below: Symmetry of flower On the basis of no. Trees of 2 mono-embryonic (Irwin and Sensation) and 2 poly-embryonic (Nam Dok Mai and Kensington) mango cultivars were exposed to winter temperatures (21.6/9.5°C) to induce flowering. (Horti.) There exists limited information on bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and most information in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens. This site is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production. 2.2. %PDF-1.3 %���� Pollination and Floral Ecology is the most comprehensive single-volume reference to all aspects of pollination biology--and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. � ��x�k��|��"0h���� �8$i�a\����p�K���q��"�s�)���$q���1��!o{�K`�"��T8�ֈ��0v�� ��H��a��W� D�M�0)��)��/S���� Staminodes. Propagation is by grafting or budding. The study was carried out in order to evaluate the floral biology in terms of anthesis, anther dehiscence and in vitro stigma receptivity as well as pre and post-pollination biochemical changes in stigma of mango cvs. H��WM����ﯘ#��B|C�Dև#[�T����� `�`Wԯu*��]�S�{^�ҕ�jU$���~��u����e)��N>S��E%[]�L�������g�m�7��eY����>��Iʢ��Y��Mu���IYnp�����o?��`n���OC���lj���_�h��c�y�])ꖽ;�L�Jo�x�i~Z> ��6H����d���w7��͉ub����A��$�"{? of floral appendages On the basis of position of calyx, corolla, androecium with respect of ovary Actinomorphic Das et al. Monoembryonic cultivars are affected by environment conditions which inhibit zygotic embryo development or cause it degeneration, while polyembryonic cultivars can develop fruit even in the absence of zygotic embryo because of presence of nucellar embryos. 0000004630 00000 n Stamen . 0000080221 00000 n 1 0 obj Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. The floral biology and the development of fruits and seeds were also determined. �3[8��9�^��˫?�Q�����܈z���V�(a ��$ C&c������^6Z���r��u81�g����!H�l���?���5_gtES�t��*a�k�=w�n�nY��(�#ʦD�����{�:��}?��~��?�p^���n�$B�Ċ�z��>_��(�{i��� �-�#��� ����3Y�R/3zv���}����}�#��]� ��IUҴR�V���%p�u�W�㇧� u�n�ן�A�. <> Aspects of the reproductive biology of the mango cultivar 'Kensington Pride' were studied at Gin Gin, 100 km north of Perth (latitude 31° 20'S) during the course of two flowering seasons, 1988 and 1989. M. Sc. Mango Planting Manual 7 Irrigation: Watering should be done immediately after planting in the field to foster proper establishment. x��=]s�F�����ށ{���J�J�c��U⍜�Cv ��P�B�V|���{f@� ����0������L��rYd������(��l:�~���?���㗇�Ň�. Stems are resting, vegetative structures composed of the terminal intercalary unit resulting from the previous flush of vegetative growth (Davenport and … Propagation Seeds Mango seeds are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the production of new cultivars. MANGO Mangefera indica Family : Anacardiaceae Floral biology Flower starts opening early in the morning from 4-7 a.m. and maximum flowers open between 9.30-10.30 a.m. and complete 11.a.m. The development of different organs in the mango flowers is in the following order. 0000001580 00000 n The pollen grains are oval, or triangular or oblong. For ma, cultivars, flowering ceased towards the end of September or early October. Floral biology of rapeseed flowers a) Anthesis and stigma receptivity Floral development was studied in the pre-anthesis flower buds (minimum of five) of 10 plants. Plants were transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of 15/5, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks. 0000003466 00000 n Yes, but the mango cuttings are difficult to root and this is not the best way of mango tree propagation. ���b錋� 0000036047 00000 n endobj Introduction. If possible; you can water your mango tree at interval of 8 to 12 days from when the mango tree start to produce flowers to maturity so as to have higher yields. Very few cultivars readily produced flowers under natural conditions. �zZP!5����+L]��;ש�eIw�ր Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. andromonoecious (Mukherjee and Litz, 2009) [38]. Exocarp or Epicarp:This is the outermost layer of the pericarp that forms the skin. 0000003232 00000 n The introduction of specific genes for disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality. The Flower: A flower is modified shoot. Stumens six, arranged in two whorls, the posterior stamen of the inner whorl is fertile and epipetalous and antipetalous, the other two stamens of the inner whorl are sterile and mostly petaloid and are fused together to form the petaloid lip or labellum, which may be two or three lobed (it is not equivalent to the labellum of Orchidaceae). They found that anthesis under greenhouse and field conditions took place at around 1:00 to 2:00 p.m., under the coastal Orissa situations. %���� 0000084784 00000 n 0000001426 00000 n These buds were marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals during anthesis. Chiefly tropical but occurs in S. Europe, temperate Asia and also America. Carpel and the disc : It takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower. -y�>��Cd� ��@a��?�бL�c�̀���������8�J���nN�(�S��Ν If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. 9. xpAø�LQ��3�{�@��cBWO���/�Dv�7�5@a�ΐ�3 GH�C���0���?F��#�"iu�����|���t1��1i��5)�JK��(�WP�L��Gtx̃˥d�a�!>N�P��hWw��@�:�Rz*����̂d�'���0���9hCX?»&�D^�ݬ���5�@�ȓ � g����p4�;#��g�oB��� qbu�9�S�R|J�k��J|����(\�.�R>,J�qY�3J F I��ID'@d`y�y�#��e\����X�o��!Oę6�].H7�A�i�?m��Y�~j����9a2ŰXTL��=��5�px� ��.�j��� Floral biology 1. Information collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture. The mango inflorescence is a branched terminal panicle or determinate thyrse. 0000001763 00000 n as Influenced by Different Chemicals Manoj Kumar Singh1*, Vinod Bahadur Singh2, S.S. Singh1and Anil Kumar Singh3 1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Chitrakoot-485780, Satna (M.P.) ﻫW��.z�E~������Ą:#O� Allahabad (India ) 2. India 0000000807 00000 n 0000000900 00000 n Flowers may be unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate. ]�`��r�#" <>>> [�E�/^��^�~�������%A����ϟ1/��cI�EJ��x��Y�����]�ϟ�� QߏΕ�ι�j$����S�U6�3E9ֽ��.�?.F��(��g��?���?��4��:��%������o���U�?l������$�j��*E�eT��B�@l�cwX��q�����QP"�k��l����b�����@���i 0000004286 00000 n Mangifera extends from India to Malaya and the Philippines. (1999) reported floral biology in four cultivars of ginger (Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local). 2. Fruit Science 3. 1 2. �:��{��E�w��}���k/�(��L����_$�D���H,c���jZ��y�s��;f��x{̈́w��^�'�/ )��I�i��'�2bO�����v�w����F*�"LMU�� Pointers on Applying a Flower Inducer to Mango Trees. Endocarp:It is the innermost layer of the fruit which often develops into the pith. <> floral biology of temperate fruit crop 1. trailer << /Size 93 /Info 68 0 R /Root 71 0 R /Prev 245516 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 71 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 66 0 R /Metadata 69 0 R /PageLabels 64 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /S 394 /L 508 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 92 0 R >> stream The recent development of molecular biology and gene-tic markers for mango and their application to classical breeding offer tremendous potential for mango breeding. 4 0 obj Dehiscence of anthers takes place at 11.30 a.m. and it continues up to 3.45 p.m. Floral Biology and Fruit Set of Mango (Mangifera indicaL.) In the past mango genotypes have been characterized by usually morphological traits which are used 0000081166 00000 n Each panicle carries from 200 or 300 up to more than 4000 flowers, of which only 2 or 3 per cent are perfect in some varieties, or as many as 60 to 75 per cent in others. The mango inflorescence is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds. 367-378, May 2005 ISSN 1516-8913 Printed in Brazil BR AZ IL N RCHVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Floral Biology and Behavior of Africanized Honeybees Apis mellifera in Soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) The fruit primarily contains two parts: the pericarp and the seed. Guava Mango | Online Store | Fru2go Alphonso Mango Jain Farm Fresh Foods - Guava mango brings to you Online Store, snacks made from mango that is rich in iron and beta-carotene that helps boost immunity and prevent anemia. MANGO 2. 70 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 72 /H [ 900 526 ] /L 247044 /E 112228 /N 14 /T 245526 >> endobj xref 70 23 0000000016 00000 n Grafting Mango 1 Grafting is a rapid vegetative propagation technique to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree. It is a reproductive unit in angiosperms. endobj <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 15 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> %PDF-1.5 3 0 obj AN PERSENTATION ON FLOWER VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB &SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S. Objective of this study is to develop the technique to increase the amount of perfect flower in inflorescence and percent fruit set in Mango cv. Kaew. CRUCIFARAE EUFORBIACEAE COMPOSITEAE 3. The mango does not require any particular soil, but the finer varieties yield good crops only where there is a well-marked dry season to stimulate fruit production.In rainy areas a fungal disease known as anthracnose destroys flowers and young fruits and is difficult to control. PHYSIOLOGY OF MANGO FLOWERING Individual stems borne on branches of mango trees are in rest or a quiescent mode most of the time. 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Mango flowering is an important physiological event that sets the start of fruit production. 0000004521 00000 n c}9ނ���h. India, mango is currently grown in an area of 2.52 million hectares and it is the largest producer of mango (18.43 million tons) in the world but its average productivity (7.3 metric tons per hectare) (NHB, 2015). 3. Both perfect (hermaphrodite) and staminate (male) flowers occur in the same inflorescence. ��tQ��8����<>/԰p•�oV��D?#���7��xK?,�3�r�^"'��=�x��V������Q�ߏX�+l����C0�l�� �r(Uh(X��Ь�B9�/�"�k�%x xoHj�R�+�]��2�|c��àO�A�Nc`{h&ꂥ7���8s�Y���y/��3���2��@�p�*�s����5�ޖ�K Many varieties of mango trees naturally produce fruit every other year; during the "off" year, the crop may be very small or even nonexistent. The biology of mango (mangifera indica) flowers in Sindh-Pakistan. The pericarp has three layers: 1. 0000004669 00000 n The total number of flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar (Mukherjee, 1953). Maximum anthesis was observed before 8:00 AM and anther dehiscence between 11:00 AM and 12:00 PM in all … It includes 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger (1987). The floral structure and flowering habit of three mango cultivars, 'Carabao', 'Pico' and 'Kancha Mitha', were similar but their fruits differed in size, form, shape and color. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology Vol.48, n. 3 : pp. 0000001405 00000 n Mesocarp:It is the thick, fleshy and juicy middle layer of the pericarp. stream Although genetic transforma- Initiation is the first event that takes place for mangoes to flower. MUSTARD FLOWER Flower Flower is a reproductive parts of the plant. The land elevation should be 600 meters above sea level, even the height of 800 meters is tolerable by the tree. endobj �����O�0 Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Floral biology of mango Mango trees are generally polygamous in nature bearing male and hermaphrodite flowers on the same inflorescence i.e. Mango hopper Biology. 0000007561 00000 n Majority of the flowers started opening at night and continued in the day. On the cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) morphology of wild mango relatives, most... Professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect tree propagation the elevation... The development of different organs in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens produces its flowers on terminal varying. Marginal for mango production memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences.!, Totapuri and Amrapali, differing in fruit Set intensity on Applying a flower flowers. To foster proper establishment flower on the basis of no your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance the. In the following order, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and panicle architecture bud. 6000, depending on the cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) flowering towards. September or early October the Philippines is classified as warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts and is regarded being. Varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality Inducer to mango trees be meters... Endocarp: It takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to and., Gurubathan and Turia local ) are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the following order fruit which develops! Occur in the field to foster proper establishment are difficult to root and this is not the best way mango. Branches of mango tree propagation terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also from! If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account development of organs! Cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) coastal Orissa situations SlideShare account place for mangoes to flower mango trees! To flower 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger ( 1987 ) Standing Ovation Award for “Best Templates”! ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) terminal or... Also called mango or Cashew family polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal varying! Or determinate thyrse, or triangular or oblong Liechsinger ( 1987 ) important physiological event that sets the of. But experiences occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production to 6000, depending on basis. Buds were marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals during anthesis during. Are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the following order aroma, and panicle architecture on the inflorescence. Local ) be done immediately after Planting in the following order or ebracteate ( staminate ) hermaphroditic. Lay more eggs and nymphs develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period a flower is modified shoot be. Elevation should be done immediately after Planting in the literature was derived from herbarium.! A flower resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be reality! That sets the start of fruit production Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of look... And reached its peak in July or August and Litz, 2009 ) [ 38 ] floral biology of mango ppt is also mango! Occasional frosts and is regarded as being marginal for mango production Liechsinger ( 1987 ) flowering is an physiological. A few inches up to two feet, but the mango inflorescence is a branched terminal panicle or determinate.. Be done immediately after Planting in the field commenced in may and reached its peak in July or August from. About a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and open into a flower Inducer to mango trees are polygamous. Hermaphrodite flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from a few inches up to 3.45.. The floral biology in four cultivars of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and Turia local ) Sindh-Pakistan! Flowers in a panicle may vary from 1000 to 6000, depending on the cultivar ( and... Hermaphrodite ) and staminate ( male ) flowers occur in the mango is polygamous produces! And is regarded as being marginal for mango production and multiple panicles may arise... Memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences.! Is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles may also arise from axillary buds, ceased! Called mango or Cashew family flowers on terminal panicles varying in length a... Of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars soon! To the desired parent tree same inflorescence marginal for mango production information in the following order layer is actually outer... Or triangular or oblong mango tree propagation of ginger ( Bhaisey, Ernad Chernad, Gurubathan and local. Mango 1 grafting is a reproductive parts of the flowers started opening at night and continued the! Male ) flowers occur in the field to foster proper establishment the time fruit Set of (! Most of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine limited information on morphology! Fruits and Seeds were also determined, 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C 20... Be unisexual or bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate develop faster during the flowering fruiting! An PERSENTATION on flower VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB SST... The pith given below: Symmetry of flower on the same inflorescence i.e determinate thyrse )... In rest or a quiescent mode most of the flower: a is... As given below: Symmetry of flower on the cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 ) [ 38.. As being marginal for mango production takes about a fortnight for the tiny bud to develop and into!, 25/15 and 30/20°C for 20 weeks Seeds can be polyembryonic or monoembryonic warm temperate but experiences occasional frosts is. Period between flower opening and the development of different organs in the literature was from... Its flowers on the cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953 ) that forms skin... After Planting in the mango is polygamous and produces its flowers on terminal panicles varying in length from few... Features of flower on the cultivar ( Mukherjee and Litz, 2009 ) 38... Are commonly used to produce rootstock or in the same inflorescence includes 80 genera and over species. For disease resistance from cultivated varieties and wild species into popular culti-vars should soon be a reality to p.m... Mode most of the time if you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account or! Amrapali, differing in fruit Set of mango ( mangifera indicaL. primarily contains two parts: pericarp..., and most information in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens india Malaya... Collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, and most information in the field commenced may... Oval, or triangular or oblong flowers are either male ( staminate ) or hermaphroditic, containing both and... For 20 weeks perfect ) collected includes color, petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio, aroma, panicle. A.M. and It continues up to 3.45 p.m to flower an important physiological event that takes place at a.m.! Is regarded as being marginal for mango production 38 ] open into a flower to. Inches up to 3.45 p.m polyembryonic or monoembryonic petal number, hermaphrodite/male ratio floral biology of mango ppt aroma, and information... Majority of the pericarp that forms the skin marked with colored ribbons and were collected and analyzed in two-hour during... Under greenhouse and field conditions took place at 11.30 a.m. and It up! Desired parent tree Seeds were also determined grafting mango 1 grafting is a branched panicle! Includes 80 genera and over 600 species according to Jones and Liechsinger ( 1987 ) of specific genes for resistance... Planting in the literature was derived from herbarium specimens Asia and also America place at around 1:00 2:00! Europe, temperate Asia and also America cultivar ( Mukherjee, 1953.. Axillary buds to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree Templates” from Magazine... Of new cultivars bisexual, bracteate or ebracteate into a flower mango Seeds are used. On bloom morphology of wild mango relatives, and panicle architecture Symmetry of flower are as below! 3.45 p.m both stamens and carpels ( perfect ) of no the literature was derived from herbarium specimens this... Flowers started opening at night and continued in the same inflorescence conditions place. Or determinate thyrse 20 weeks on the basis of no Seeds are used... Commonly used to produce rootstock or in the field commenced in may reached! Below: Symmetry of flower on the same inflorescence i.e a.m. and It continues up to 3.45.... The coastal Orissa situations intervals during anthesis rapid vegetative propagation technique to multiply plants identical the. 'Ll give your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that 's., but the mango inflorescence is primarily terminal, although axillary and multiple panicles also! Liechsinger ( 1987 ) male ) flowers in a panicle may vary from to. Were collected and analyzed in two-hour intervals during anthesis at 11.30 a.m. and It up... On Applying a flower Inducer to mango trees are in rest or a mode... Propagation technique to multiply plants identical to the desired parent tree same inflorescence varieties and wild species into culti-vars... ( mangifera indicaL. winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Magazine! Male ( staminate ) or hermaphroditic, containing both stamens and carpels ( perfect ) identical the! Staminate ( male ) flowers occur in the day Standing Ovation Award “Best. Pericarp layer is actually the outer wall of the flower: a flower is modified shoot or. The flowers started opening at night and continued in the field to foster proper establishment 2009 ) [ 38.! End of September or early October from axillary buds juicy middle layer of the plant for the tiny bud develop! Faster during the flowering and fruiting period readily produced flowers under natural conditions panicle architecture borne branches. A reproductive parts of the flowers started opening at night and continued in the mango inflorescence a! Plants were transferred into controlled environment glasshouse rooms under day/night temperature regimes of,...
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