Gandharvas were well versed in music and art. They are associated with creativity, charm and sensuality. The gods never accept any gifts from them. Produced and directed by Ramanand Sagar, the show used to create a curfew-like situation on the streets when it was aired on DD National between 9 am and 10 am every day.It hit the small screen again in March 2020 when there was a nationwide lockdown in the wake of Corona pandemic. Arjuna later marries a Gandharva princess. Her accomplishments in the arts of dancing, music, and beauty was unrivaled. Samudra Manthan – Everything you need to know, 13 Most Interesting Facts About Hinduism – Sanatana Dharma, Vedic Influence in Muslim countries like Iraq and Iran, 10 Interesting Facts about Balarama – The God of Agriculture, The Symptoms of Kaliyuga – Ancient Hindu Predictions, Battle between Brahma and Vishnu – Shiva Purana. In the Vedas, the apsaras are water nymphs, often married to the gandharvas. Conquering the whole universe, the demons started harassing sages and creating havoc in the universe. One of the two great epics of India, 'Ramayana' is based on the story of Rama. Then occurred a fierce battle between Arjuna and the ruler of Gandharas, viz., the son of Shakuni (14,83), Gandhara was also the name of a musical note, a technical term in the art of music. They are exceedingly beautiful, and because they can cause mental derangement, they are beings who are to be feared. They are Rambha, Urvashi, Menaka and Tilottama . As Sunda and Upasunda were enjoying a dalliance with women and engrossed in drinking liquor along a riverbank in the Vindhya mountains, Tilottama appeared there plucking flowers. This curse protects the chastity of Sita, the wife of Lord Rama when she is kidnapped by Ravana. Gandharas were natural allied of Kauravas owing to Shakuni, the close companion of Duryodhana. Dhritarashtra – He was sent by Indra as a messenger to the yagya started by Vaishali king Marutta and Samvarta rishi, the brother of Brihaspati. She was one of the most beautiful apsaras in the world with quick intelligence and intent talent but a desired for a family. It is said that when they rose from the waters neither gods nor asuras would wed them, so they became the common property of both classes. Lord Indra made Kabandha in a ugly creature. But when she tried to lure him, he denied the proposal saying that she was the wife of one of his ancestor Pururva, so he respected her and can’t accept her proposal. A Gandharva by the name of Vishvavasu was in charge of looking after Soma by the Gods. Ambika gives birth to a blind child, named Dritharashtra and her sister Ambalika to a pale skinned child Pandu. 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In time they became celestial musicians whose melodies had more power to rouse the mind than any intoxicant. The Gandharvas are good warriors as well. Hindu Dharma is home to many mystical creatures each bestowed with their own existence purpose and role in cosmic harmony. Sage Vishvamitra, who is well-versed in warfare, gives many such weapons to Rama. Indra said that Kabandha would regain his original form when Rama severs his arms. When Arjuna, the Pandava, went to the heavens in search of celestial weapons, the Gandharvas at Indra’s court taught him singing and dancing. Greek writers later shortened it to Taxila. This explains why there is much Gandhara influence in Indian Classical Music. Valmiki Ramayana - Kishkindha Kanda in Prose Sarga 41 Sugreeva sends Vanara-s to southward which troop includes Hanuma, Jambavanta, Niila and others and Angada is its leader. Then a series of events occur after which she was relieved of the curse. She then set off for the land where the Gandharvas lived. He had two brothers Malyavana and Mali. When she tried to disturb the penance of Rishi Vishwamitra (who was meditating to become a Brahmarishi), she is cursed by him to become a rock for 10,000 years till a Brahmin delivers her from the curse. Gandhara prince Shakuni was the root of all the conspiracies of Duryodhana against the Pandavas, which finally resulted in the Kurukshetra War. It is from the Treta age' that they have had their origin and began to multiply. They were drawn to the place as if in a trance. Vishvakarma collected all that was beautiful from the three worlds (heaven, earth, underworld) and all the gems of the world and created an alluring woman – with unrivaled beauty – Tilottama and directed her to seduce the demon brothers to the extent that she would become an issue of contention between them. Yet, he was childless. They are again divided, as being daivika, ‘divine,’ or laukika, ‘worldly.’ The former are said to be ten in number, and the latter thirty-four, and these are the heavenly charmers who fascinated heroes as Urvasi, allured austere sages from their devotions and penances as Menekā and Rembhā and Tilotama. Its properties included an ability to heal illness but it was also thought to have brought great riches. The Gandharvas felt disappointed that the music had stopped. Ramayan is one of the most popular Indian epic mythological television series of the late ’80s. He was one of the most important characters in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Vibhishana was a kind-hearted brother who advised Ravana to return Sita to Lord Ram and uphold Dharma. Gandhara is mentioned as a hilly country at (5,30). Kabandha was a gandharva (celestial musician) named Vishvavasu or Danu, who was cursed and made into an ugly, carnivorous demon by Indra, the king of the gods, and/or a sage. The Gandharvas are good warriors as well. Janamejaya, a Kuru king in Arjuna's line, conquered Takshasila, probably then ruled by the Naga Takshaka. Indra brought back the Soma and, as a punishment for their dereliction of duty, the Gandharvas were excluded from the Soma-draught. Bewitched by her voluptuous figure and drunk with power and liquor, Sunda and Upasunda took hold of Tilottama right and left hands respectively. Shailusha – Valmiki Ramayana (Uttar Kand 100) says that the Gandhara kings in north west were in fact the descendants of Shailush Gandharva. It was unlike anything the Gandharvas had heard. Vishvavasu put two Gandharvas, Svan, and Bhraji, in charge of protecting this potion. The name Ramayana is a tatpurusha compound of Rama and ayana ("going, advancing"), translating to "Rama's Journey". [ Read: Short Stories From Ramayana For Kids] Satyavati asks her elder son Vyasa to father children with Ambika and Ambalika, the widows of her dead son Vichitravirya. Gandharvas are often referred to in Indian epics. His sister Gandhari was the mother of Duryodhana. These effects meant that the drink has been considered divine since ancient times; a beverage which brought humans closer to divinity. It is also a term for skilled singers in Indian classical music Hinduism. Once, the brothers practiced severe austerities on the Vindhya mountains, compelling the creator-god Brahma to grant them a boon. They guard the Soma but do not have the right to drink it. Rambha is known as the Queen of the Apsaras. The first book of Ramayana, the Bala Kanda depicts the origin of Lord Rama and his siblings, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna. Go home, Pururava; I am as hard to catch as the wind. They have been beautifully depicted in sculpture and painting in India and throughout areas of South and Southeast Asia influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism. Soon, all the Gandharvas surrounded her while she continued playing. The lowest of Brahmanas also are residing there from very remote times. Mandodari bears two sons: ... Sumali was the son of demon king Sukesa and Gandharva princess Manimaya. It is believed that the origin of the apsaras, as told by the Institutes of Manu, are said to be the creations of the Seven Manus, the progenitors of mankind. In the Ramayana, Sarama (Sanskrit: सरमा, Saramā) is the wife of Vibhishana, the brother of Ravana, the demon (rakshasa) king of Lanka. The Ramayana describes Mandodari as beautiful, pious, and righteous. He was the son of the gandharva Sri Vishvavasu or Sri and was also known as Danu (दनु). Puskalavati, Takshasila (Taxila) and Purushapura (Peshawar) were cities in this Gandhara kingdom. They then gave the drink to the archer-god Gandharva for safe-keeping but one day Agni, the fire-god, stole it and gave it to the human race. Bharata's descendants ruled this kingdom afterwards. They are all fallen and many amongst them have been begotten by Shudras.. Another Gandharva gave an enchanted war chariot and some divine weapons to Arjuna, and on another occasion, imprisoned Duryodhana and his whole pleasure camp when the two groups entered into a dispute over the rights to a picnic spot. She succeeded in breaking the meditation of Vishwamitra. Sometimes, she is described a rakshasi (demoness), at other times, she is said to have gandharva (celestial dancers) lineage. Takshasila was founded by Raghava Rama's brother Bharata. Soma was perceived to be the drink of the gods, an elixir consumed by the Hindu gods and their ancient priests, the Brahmanas, during rituals. Gandhāra was a kingdom mentioned in the Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana. He gave him two long arms and a mouth on his belly. A Gandharva, namely Tumburu, in his courting with Rambha had belated his services to Kubera. The Mahabharata is said to have been first recited at this place. However, Ravana did not listen to his advice. Gandharva is a name used for distinct heavenly beings in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. A remake series Ramayan produced by Sagar Arts aired on NDTV Imagine in 2008. When the terrible period came, joining Treta and the Dwapara, the Kshatriyas, approaching one another, engaged themselves in battle.---Another group comprising Andrakas, Guhas, Pulindas, Savaras, Chuchukas, Madrakas were also mentioned along with the first group. Menaka successfully incited Vishwamitra’s lust and passion when he saw her beauty. Rambha is the wife of Nalakuvara, the son of Kubera. The last two Yugas (prehistoric periods) were named after them. By some accounts, it is he who cursed Ravana. They are portrayed as semi-divine beings; who do not seem to be able to curse humans (except on one occasion) or grant them boons as gods can, but we do see them as adept in magic and knowledgeable in all of the 64 performing arts; additionally, we see many Gandharvas skilled in warfare. Golden Deer In Aranya Kanda – Ramayana (Story of Sita) Maricha disguised in the form of a golden deer, captivated Sita’s attention. Dasharatha, the King of Ayodhya had three wives , Kausalya, Kautilya and Sumitra. The Gandharvas then ashamed of their actions returned the Soma plant and learned how to play music from Saraswati. They appear prominently in Mabharata. Gandhara prince Shakuni was the root of all the conspiracies of Duryodhana against the Pandavas, which finally resulted in the Kurukshetra War. Arjuna defeated Shakuni's son during his post-war military campaign for Yudhishthira's Aswamedha Yagna. The distraught Pururava, while wandering around in a forest, spotted Urvasi playing in a river with her friends, and begged her to return to the palace with him. Kabandha was a Gandharva. Mahabharata has several mentions of the Gandhara musical note. (12,183), (14,50) AD, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 19:50. न वै स्त्रैणानि सख्यानि सन्ति सालावृकाणां हृदयान्येता ॥. They are described as inseparable siblings who shared everything: the kingdom, the bed, food, house, seat. Mandodari was the daughter of Mayasura and an apsara named Hema. Not only drunk by priests for its sacred nature it was also credited with uplifting qualities, giving the drinker a boost in energy and alertness. In Jamini Mahabharat, there is another story of Urvashi, when she insulted Rishi Durvasa. Story of Rama and demon Khara is the direct result of Lakshman nipping the nose of Rakshasi Surpanakha at Panchvati Ashram in Dandaka forest in the Ramayana. He ruled the Janasthana region – majority of the Rakshasas lived here. This story is present in Mahabharata. Karna who vanquished all the Kambojas and the Amvashthas with the Kaikeyas, that puissant one, who, having for the accomplishment of his purpose vanquished the Gandharas and the Videhas in battle (8,9), In the region called Aratta, resides the people called the Vahikas. I have moved on from you like the first rays of dawn. Soma is personified by the god of the same name who is also the god of sacrifices and who may, in some texts, be associated with the Moon. “Only if you give back the Soma plant to the devas,” said the goddess Saraswati. Gandhara form of sculpturing is also famous (very close to Greek sculpturing). Sugreeva gives a vivid picture of the southern side of Jambu dviipa up to the south-most part of passable regions, next to which the abode of Yama, the Terminator is there. He thus performs a fire sacrifice, putrakameshti yagya, which results in him being blessed with four children, of which Rama is born to Kausalya, Bharata to Kaikeyi, while Lakshmana and Shatrughna a… Subala (1,110) was a king of Gandhara during the Mahabharata period. The Prasthalas, the Madras, the Gandharas, the Arattas, those called Khasas, the Vasatis, the Sindhus and the Sauviras are almost as blamable in their practices (8,44). The story is that Urvasi lived with Pururava, a human king, for a while and then left him to return to her apsara and Gandharva companions. Often looked upon as the choristers in Indra’s heaven, the Gandharvas were the descendants of Kashyapa and his wife Arishta. Type above and press Enter to search. Shakuni's sister was the wife of the Kuru king Dhritarashtra and was known as Gandhari after the area of Gandhāra (which is in modern Afghanistan and Pakistan). They sold it to the gods in exchange for a goddess – the goddess Vach (speech) – because they are very fond of female company. The theft of the Soma infuriated all the gods yet they couldn’t do anything as the Gandharvas were their allies. Melodious notes filled the air. Brahma then ordered the divine architect Vishvakarma to create a beautiful woman. When she pleaded for forgiveness, Rishi reduced the curse such that she will become mare only in the daytime, and in the night she will regain her apsara form and will be only able to be in full form throughout the day only when 3 and a half vajras come together. The Kuru prince and heir apparent, Chitrangad, was killed in a battle by a Gandharva of the same name. Kabandha's legend appears in the Hindu epics Ramayana and Mahabharata, as well as in later Ramayana adaptations. Soon, the demons attacked heaven and drove the gods out. See the article Bahlika Culture for more details. Gandhara army united with the Kaurava army right from the camping phase along with the chiefs of the Sakas, the Kiratas, and Yavanas, the Sivis and the Vasatis (5,198), The following are other references that give valuable information on their role in Kurukshetra War:-, Arjuna conducted a military campaign after the Kurukshetra War. But he merely cursed Menaka to be separated from him forever, for he loved her as well and knew that she had lost all devious intentions towards him long ago. The goddess disguised herself as a young maiden. According to the Vishnu Purāna, they were sons of Lord Brahma. They are also seen to live on trees, such as the banyan and the sacred fig, and are entreated to bless wedding processions. Kubera cursed this Gandharva to become a demon. In the Epic poems more is said about them—the Rāmāyana attributing their origin to the churning of the ocean, and with this, the Purānic account of their origin agrees. Goddess Saraswati, her Veena and the song of the Gandharva, Famous Apsaras and their role in the History, 7 Interesting Facts about Reincarnation in Hinduism, Samudra Manthan - Everything you need to know, Sri Suktam – In Sanskrit & English With Meaning, The Physical & Spiritual Concept of Soulmates in Hinduism. However, he was very curious about this potion So he grabbed the pitcher and ran fast towards the abode of the Gandharvas and hid it away. In Hinduism and Buddhism, a gandharva is a celestial being, specifically a divine musician. The Nagas could be a group of people who inhabited India during epic periods who worshiped snakes. When Vishwamitra realized that he had been tricked by Indra, he was enraged. ---In the Krita age ', they were nowhere on earth. Saraswati promised to recover the soma plant. Vishvavasu looked in distress at the beautiful girl and said. Gandharvas in Mahabharata When Arjuna, the Pandava, went to the heavens in search of celestial weapons, the Gandharvas at Indra’s court taught him singing and dancing. Naga literally means a Serpent or a serpent-god. Of them gandharva-s are amiable beings for their expertise in performing arts. The earliest mention of apsaras is as river nymphs, and companions to the Gandharvas. All the Gandharvas rejoiced at having fooled the gods. (gām dhanyatha, ‘drinking speech’).”. However, she fell in genuine love with him and a baby was born to them who later grew in Sage Kanva’s ashram and came to be called Shakuntala. Later Indra asked Urvashi to spend some leisure time with Arjuna. The Ramayana narrates: Kabandha was born as a gandharva (celestial musician) named Vishvavasu. This indicate that the Gandharas followed the Bahlika Culture. The gods congratulated her and Brahma granted her the right to roam freely in the universe as a boon. .”The Gandharvas were next born, imbibing melody; drinking of the goddess of speech, they were born, and hence their appellation. From there he proceeded to the country of Gandharas. Nagas were considered as a super human tribe, in Puranas. Gandharva desa seems to be the original name (Ramayana 7-101-11) of Gandhara which is extended from Kabul Valley to Taxila (Takshasila) and comprised the Rawalpindi and Peshawar districts in Pakistan. The Yadava chief Bala Rama saw many Gandharva settlements on the banks of Saraswati River, not far from Gandhara, during his pilgrimage over Saraswati river basin. Furious Urvashi cursed Arjuna that since he had not behaved in a manly way with her, therefore, he will have to live as a female. Gaya, Gavaksha, Vrishava, Charmavat, Arjava, and Suka were mentioned as brothers of Shakuni, all of them being the warriors in the Kurukshetra War (6,91), Karna is mentioned to have subjugated Gandharas along with others like the Madrakas, the Matsyas, the Trigartas, the Tanganas, the Khasas, the Pancalas, the Videhas, the Kulindas, the Kasi-kosalas, the Suhmas, the Angas, the Nishadhas, the Pundras, the Kichakas, the Vatsas, the Kalingas, the Taralas, the Asmakas, and the Rishikas (8,8). In Indra ’ s heaven, the Gandharvas were excluded from the Soma-draught सख्यानि. Ramayana adaptations the world with quick intelligence and intent talent but a desired for a family owing. Is famously described and praised in a battle by a Gandharva is a celestial being, specifically a divine.. Nearly exterminated the court of Kurus, as well as in later Ramayana adaptations an apsara named.... 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