This plant has been used as traditional medicine for several disease such as pain, inflammation, malaria, anemia, diabetic and gastrointestinal diseases. Dirk Thies According to Nwosu et al. The tree is characterised by leaves arranged in a spiral formation clustered at the end of branches. in Cape Verde, Tanzania, Malawi, Madagascar, Réunion, Egypt, South Africa, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Australia and tropical America. The wood is used for a variety of purposes. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Khaya Fast Growing African Mahogany Trees, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khaya_senegalensis&oldid=965836130, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2015, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 July 2020, at 17:57. Although other studies revealed that chronic treatment rather induces an increase of these parameters [47]. leaves and flowers of Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae). Medicinal plants, which refer to the whole plant, leaves, flowers and plant extracts, can enhance animal performance. Overexploited for its precious wood and medicinal values, the natural stands of this species are in danger of extinction in Cote d’Ivoire. Khaya senegalensis occurs from Mauritania and Senegal east to northern Uganda. The leaf arrangement is alternate; the leaves themselves are odd- or even-pinnate compound, around 50 - 70cm long, with 3 - 7 pairs of leaflets on each leaf. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. (Meliaceae), commonly known as Senegal mahogany, is an evergreen tree that typically grows to a height of 15–20 m (up to 35 m on fertile soils) and has a diameter at breast height of 1.5 m, with a clean bole of 8–16 m. Introduction Traditional medicine is the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, believes and experiences related to different cultures that are meant to maintain health LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Dez 2014, 2014. It has numerous medicinal applications, including anti- With each new growth period, the leaves become progressively smaller and lighter. Initially, infected trees generally present partially defoli-ated canopies with small, light green leaves (Fig 1 C & D). K. senegalensis bark is an important medicine for malaria, the leaves are pruned by indigenous Fulani herders as a critical source of fodder for their livestock, and the timber is highly prized. It is applied externally to cure skin rashes, wounds, or any abnormality. Khaya senegalensis has experienced high amounts of exploitation, and little regeneration takes place once disturbance occurs. It has been exported from West Africa (Gambia) to Europe since the first half of the 19th century and has been exploited heavily for its timber. Distribution : It has a bole that is up to 1 metre in diameter, unbranched for 8 - 16 metres, the buttresses are neither prominent nor absent. Images × × × × × Description. Keywords: Khaya senegalensis, Leaves, Bark, Phytochemical Screening, GC-MS Analysis, Antioxidant Activity 1. Healthy Khaya senegalensis trees have lush green leaves (Fig 1 A & B), while infected trees show a progressive decline over many years. These limonoids have a wide range of biological activities and growth-regulating properties to humans and animals [1]. (1830) is a monoecious evergreen or semi-deciduous tree, 20-30 m tall, with trunk, of up to about 1 m of diameter, provided at the base of the oldest specimens of short tabular roots (flat roots similar to buttresses), and dark grey … Bark dark grey and Leaves pale green in color ; Fruit an upright, almost spherical, woody capsule with Seeds brown in color. Khaya senegalensis, also known as African mahogany, is a very tall tree that can grow to about 30 meters high. All species grow to around 30–35m tall, rarely 45m, with a trunk over 1m diameter, often buttressed at the base. The seeds and leaves are also used to treat fever and headache while the root extract is used to treat mental illness, leprosy and syphilis (Maydell, 1986). This could mexicanolide limonoids named seneganolide, hydroxyseneganolide and acetoxyseneganolide. Because of this the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species considers it a vulnerable species. Traditionally the wood was used for dugout canoes, household implements, djembe, and fuel wood. Abstract Khaya senegalensis has medicinal properties for the effective management of several ailments including diarrhea. Khaya has a tough leaf which does not rot easily, whereas gliricidia leaves rot easily and can be conveniently converted into compost or be fed to animals. The only conservation which takes place are log export bans and legal protection in some countries. The ethanolic crude extract of the stem bark of Khaya senegalensis has been reported to possess free radical scavenging activity (Lompo et al., 2007). Buy Khaya Senegalensis Dried Leaves for Oil Sorption on Amazon.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Khaya Senegalensis Dried Leaves for Oil Sorption: Ziyad Said, Habsah Alwi: 9783659630026: Amazon.com: Books Buttresses not prominent or absent. Native to Africa, Khaya senegalensis or known in various common names such as dry zone Mahogany, African mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, and Senegal mahogany among others is a medium-sized tree of about 15 -30 m tall. The plant K. Senegalensis (madachi in Hausa, oganwa in Youruba and ono in Igbo) is a savanna tree , easily recognized by its round evergreen crown of dark foliage pinnate leaves and round capsules. The species are native to tropical Africa and Madagascar. Senegal mahogany growing in Upper Guinea. 303. Foliage of K. senegalensis. damage. It is found in riparian forests and higher-rainfall savannah woodlands; in moist regions it is found on higher ground. At the end of the study, heavy metal analysis was done to determine the concentration of Lead The K. senegalensis leaves powder at 8% recorded a significantly (= 2.394, dl = 16, ) higher weight loss when compared to the other treatment (Table 2). Khaya senegalensis is one of the largest and most majestic trees in Africa. African Journal of Biotechnology 2008;7(5):661-3. El-Aswad AF, Abdelgaleil SAM, Nakatani M. Feeding deterrant and growth inhibitory properties of limonoids from Khaya senegalensis against the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis. This study assessed the impacts of combined bark and foliage harvest on Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae) reproductive performance in Benin. The fine powder Melia azedarach (leaves), Khaya senegalensis (leaves, bark and seeds) thus obtained after spraying was used as a raw material for the extractions. Title. grid has 1 cm divisions). Khaya senegalensis For 12 weeks, the growth performance (number of leaves, seedling collar diameter and height) and biomass accumulated by roots, stem and leaves of seedlings in each treatment were measured, fortnightly. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. K. senegalensisexhibited an isohydric behaviour and also had a lower hydraulic vulnerability to cavitation in leaves, with a P50 of -2.3 MPa. The leaves of Khaya senegalensis were col-lected from the university town of Samaru, Zaria Nigeria. Common names include African mahogany, dry zone mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, Senegal mahogany, cailcedrat, acajou, djalla, and bois rouge. The leaves are pinnate, with 4-6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet absent; each leaflet is 10–15 cm long abruptly rounded toward the apex but often with an acuminate tip. It is a deciduous evergreen tree and a native of Africa. It is often used conventionally for carpentry, interior trim, and construction. It is now used more locally, and is planted ornamentally as a roadside tree. In West Africa, the Sclerocarya birrea (Anacardiacea) tree Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Khaya senegalensis A. Juss. Foliage of K. senegalensis. Dryzone Mahogany/Khaya Wood Khaya senegalensis. The bark is dark grey to grey-brown while the heartwood is brown with a pink-red pigment made up of coarse interlocking grains. The fruit is an upright, almost spherical, woody capsule, 4-10 cm in diameter. Successive depletion of the powder by maceration was carried out by solvents of increasing polarities (cyclohexane, ethyl acetate, dichloromethane, and methanol). The survey revealed seven plants traditionally used for malaria treatment in Senegal: Azadirachta indica (leaves and stem bark), Khaya senegalensis (stem bark), Anogeissus leiocarpus (stem bark), Ficus gnaphalocarpa (stem bark), I. senegalensis (leaves), Nauclea latifolia (leaves, stem bark and roots), Cassia occidentalis (leaves). It is threatened by habitat loss. The native eucalypts had twice the maximum leaf hydraulic conductance but a much higher P50 of -1.5 MPa. Khaya senegalensis (KS) is a tree belonging to the Meliaceae family. One hundred grams of the fine powdered plant leaves were soaked in 300 ml of either distilled The tree is native to Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. Khaya senegalensis is a species of tree in the Meliaceae family that is native to Africa. The objective of this study to carry out phytochemical screening, determination of chemical composition and determine antioxidant activity of plant extracts. In vivo activity of stem bark aqueous extract of Khaya senegalensis against Trypanosoma brucei. The bark is dark grey to grey-brown while the heartwood is brown with a pink-red pigment made up of coarse interlocking grains. The white flowers are sweet-scented; the fruit changes from grey to black when ripening. Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) K. senegalensis growing in Upper Guinea: a wide, well-developed crown, up to 35 m high on deep soils, commonly 15-20 m in savanna. Taschenbuch. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. 17.             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Rutales,                         Family: Meliaceae,                             Genus: Khaya,                                 Species: Khaya senegalensis. Khaya senegalensis is an evergreen tree with a widely spreading, rounded crown; it can grow 15 - 30 metres tall. The bitter tasting bark is used for a variety of medical purposes; it is taken against fever caused by malaria, stomach complaints, and headaches. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Description. Seeds of dry zone mahogany from Upper Guinea (NB. Medicinal plants, which refer to the whole plant, leaves, flowers and plant ex- tracts, can enhance animal performance. To get Khaya Senegalensis Dried Leaves for Oil Sorption eBook, you should access the web link under and save the document or have accessibility to additional information that are highly relevant to KHAYA SENEGALENSIS DRIED LEAVES FOR OIL SORPTION ebook. A.Juss. Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug). Usually evergreen, the tree can be deciduous in drier climates [. According to a study carried out by these authors in Nigeria on rats, the LD50 of the extract is higher than 3000 mg∙kg −1 body weight. Leaves are alternate, compound, stipules absent; leaflets 3-6 (-7) usually opposite pairs, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, 7-12 x 3-5 cm. The white flowers are sweet-scented; the fruit changes from grey to black when ripening. African mahogany is a medium-sized tree which can grow up to 15–30 m in height and 1 m in diameter. Khaya senegalensis (KS) is a tree belonging to the Meliaceae family. Khaya senegalensis is a deciduous evergreen tree, 15-30 m high, up to 1 m in diameter, with a clean bole to 8-16 m, buttresses not prominent or absent; bark dark grey, with small, thin, reddish-tinged scales; slash dark pink to bright crimson, exuding a red sap. General Information : It is a deciduous evergreen tree, 15-30 m high. Leaves are alternate, compound, stipules absent; leaflets 3-6 (-7) usually opposite pairs, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, 7-12 x 3-5 cm. Within its first year, the seedling develops a deep root system that makes it the most drought resistant member of its genus. [7], the aqueous extract of the leaves of Khaya senegalensis is not toxic. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Gliricidia is a nitrogen fixer and when cultivated with other crops help fertility, whereas Khaya in its fast growth discourages other crops. Seeds are brown, broadly ellipsoid to flat in shape, paper thin and measure 25 x 18 mm, with narrowly-winged margins. Among the plant powder treatments, minimal weight loss was observed in the treatment with B. sapida powder at 2% (Table 2 ). Khaya senegalensis belonging to family Meliaceae. African mahogany is a medium-sized tree which can grow up to 15–30 m in height and 1 m in diameter. The effect of sub-lethal concentrations 39.93 mg.L-1, 19.97 mg.L and 9.98 mg.L-1 of methanol leaves extract of Khaya senegalensis on growth and food utilization were investigated on juveniles’ African catfi sh, Clarias gariepinus for a period of fi ve months (February-June 2015). The Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss. The tree is characterised by leaves arranged in a spiral formation clustered at the end of branches. The stem bark and leaves of the plant have been implicated in the treatment of mucous It is commonly planted within its natural area of distribution, mainly as ornamental and roadside tree, and also outside this area, e.g. Its sustainable management through regeneration techniques and assessment of its degree of adaptation to the changing climate is necessary. The leaves were dried at room temperature and then powdered with a mortar and sieved to remove the fibres. It is a deciduous evergreen tree and a native of Africa. It has numerous medicinal applications, including anti-malarial and antibacterial effects. Tree is characterised by leaves arranged in a spiral formation clustered at the end of branches a lower vulnerability... 2008 ; 7 ( 5 ):661-3 composition and determine Antioxidant activity khaya senegalensis leaves bark. Which refer to the Meliaceae family and determine Antioxidant activity of stem bark aqueous extract of the leaves Khaya. 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