Economic Importance 4. Hallier regarded Solanaceae as a primitive member of the tubiflorae together with the Scrophulariaceae and both have arisen very likely from the Linaceae. The fruits of capsicum species for example Capsicum frutescence are used in making hot sauces and also it is used as a vegetable. Datura stramonium: The dried leaves and flower tops of this plant are the source of the drug stramonium. ... Floral diagram with floral formula (Solanum nigrum or black nightshade): Some important plants of the family: Solanum tuberosum (potato) Solanum melongena (brinjal) It is also used in medicines as sedative, antispasmodic and vermifuge. They are mainly found in Central and South America. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation. These stem tubers which are rich in carbohydrates and sugars are prime food and are eaten cooked or baked. Vascular bundles are bicollateral type. Floral formula • A brief description of flower is represented in the form of floral formula and floral diagrams • The symbols used in writing floral formula are • Symmetry of flower- • Actinomorphic, ℅ Zygomorphic • Sex of flower • - Male, - Female or - Bisexual 2. Several other Solanum species are climbers which are cultivated in gardens. What is its function? Sepals 5, gamosepalous, pentafid, valvate, persistent, green, hairy, inferior. 3. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, bilocular, unilocular in Henoonia, axile placentation placentae swollen, many ovules in each loculus, ovary obliquely placed; in some cases nectariferous disc is present; style simple; stigma bifid or capitate. Economic Importance of Solanaceae. The aestivation is valvate or twisted. Fruit is Septifragal capsule in Datura and Nicotiana. Floral Formula - Liliaceae Family Representation. Semi-technical descriptions of flowers of following families are: Fabaceae Family - Fabaceae Vegetative characters Herb Hyoscyamus niger, Solanum nigrum, Datura (H. Dhatura), Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) are used medicinally. Floral formula : Floral diagram : NEET_Families of flowering plants - 3 Note : Above floral diagram of NCERT text book is not completely correct because in the calyx part - odd sepal anterior condition has been indicated but in Solanaceae the odd sepal is posterior that lies near the mother axis. Solanum tubersum potato-white or Irish potato it is a vital plant in this own family. What is a mushroom shaped gland? Petunia, Cestrum, Lycium, Salpiglossis, Schizanthus are cultivated in gardens for ornamentals. Petals 5, gamopetalous, pentafid, campanulate, valvate aestivation, corolla lobes inflexed, greenish yellow. The style is linear, terminal and stigma is capitate or shortly lobed. Characters of Solanaceae 2. It is also used as the source of alkaloid atropine. 3. But they are commonly found in sub-tropical, north temperate regions. T… HARD. Inflorescence: Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme; Cymose- solitary in Solanum. The berries of Physalis alkekengi are also edible. Its members are characterized by flowers with five petals, sepals, and stamens and alternate leaves. Pushpendu Mondal has completed his Bachelors in Microbiology Honours form St. Xavier's College, Kolkata and completed his Masters from IIT Bombay in Biotechnology. Erect, aerial, cylindrical, solid, woody below and herbaceous above, branched, covered with hair. Atropa belladonna: The roots of this plant are the source of an alkaloid atropine. Note-worthy genera of the continental United States and/or Canada include Lonicera, Valeriana, Valerianella, Dipsacus, Flowers actinomorphic, hermaphrodite and hypogynous. This family is distributed in tropical to temperate region world wide. Androecium: Stamens are five in number, epipetalous on the corolla tube and alternate with the lobes. In some species cyme is extra-axillary appearing to arise from the middle of an internode due to the adnation of the peduncle with the internode. ... Study carefully the given floral diagram and select the option which correctly represents the represents the related floral formula. ROSACEAE; Rose family – General characters , floral formula , floral diagram , economic importance and common species Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani January 31, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany , Rosaceae , Rose family Tobacco is obtained from leaves of Nicotiana tabacum and variously used in cigars, bidi, chewing, jarda etc. There are numerous ovules arranged on axile placentation on swollen placenta. Describe important features of family Solanaceae. Solanaceae is an economically important family of flowering plants. A tall herb with red globose pulpy fruits. Sometimes the corolla is strongly zygomorphic and may become bi-lipped as in Schizanthus. it's miles used as … Stamens 2-4 fertile; flowers zygomorphic; e.g. 3. Principle: Taxonomy deals with identification, nomenclature and classification of organisms. The economic importance of Fabacae.i. The ovary is usually bilobular, occasionally unilocular (Capsicum). Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Solanaceae. In India 332 species belonging to 35 genera are found. Answer Now and help others. Solitary axillary, umbellate cyme, or helicoid cyme in Solanum. Several members are cultivated through out the world for their great economic importance; among them are Solarium tuberosum (Potato), Solarium melongena (Bringal), Lycopersicurn esculentum (Tomato) etc. Floral formula: Distribution of Solanaceae: The family is commonly called ‘Potato family’. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, obliquely placed, four celled due to the formation of false septum, axile placentation, many ovules in each loculus, style long, stigma bilobed. [CDATA[ It is useful for round worms. Most of the plants are herbaceous and many are annuals. Herbaceous, erect, cylindrical, branched, slightly woody and slightly fistular, hairy. - Floral diagram of Solanum - the arrow indicates Schizanthus - the arrow indicates the oblique symmetry of the the oblique symmetry. The family includes 2,000 species belonging to 90 genera. It may be terminal or axillary in position. Exercise 11 Aim: Study and describe flowering plants of families Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae. In bicollateral vascular bundles phloem is present on either side of the xylem, separated by cambia. It is covered either by prickles (some species of Solanum) or spines (Lycium), spines are modified branches. Lycopersicum esculentum: It is also known as Solanum lycopersicum or tomato. MEDIUM. Cestrum. Habit: The habit of the members of this family is variable. Reduction in the number of carpels to two. Two flower. Tomato is also used in manufacture of sauce and ketchup. A hypogynous nectariferous disc is usually present at the base of the ovary. it's miles used as … Leaves: These are simple, sometimes pinnate, as in tomato , and alternate. Solanum nigrum, the European black nightshade or simply black nightshade or blackberry nightshade, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Solanum, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia, and South Africa.Ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. Its members are characterized by flowers with five petals, sepals, and stamens and typically bear alternate leaves. Shortly pedicellate, bracteate, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, complete, hypogynous, pentamerous. Occasionally, self-pollination may occur in Nicotiana. Herbaceous, erect, cylindrical, solid, branched, hairy, green. Important Types. All 5 fertile stamens; seeds not flat; e.g. Solanaceae - General Description in Semi-Technical Terms. Cestrum nocturnum (H. Rat Ki Rani or Queen of the night): A garden plant with flowers emitting sweet smell at night. B. Corolla: The corolla consists of 5 petals. In … Preparations of capsicum are also used as counter irritant in lumbago, neuralgia and rheumatic disorders. Stem: Erect or climber; Solanaceae includes herbs, shrubs, small trees, and climbers. Calyx with 5 sepals, gamosepalous, valvate aestivation. solanaceae floral diagram: habit: leaves: inflorescences flowers: fruits: common genera and descriptions of important species. Some plants are annuals or perennial herbs (Solanum nigrum, Solanum surattense). Few plants are shrubs (Solanum torvum) and small trees (Solanum verbascifolium) and rarely climbers (Solanum dulcamara). Common name: Carrot family or Celery or Parsley family or Umbelliferae Number of genera:This family includes 434 genera and about 3700 species Propagation type: Whole fruit or partial fruit Distribution: The members of this family Apiaceae are distributed in most parts of the world. Parts and Function of the Ovary in the Flower. Draw a floral diagram and write floral formula of Ixora coccinea. 4. Trick To Learn Floral Formula And Diagrams Of Family Fabaceae Neet Important Questions Of Morphology Of Flowering Plants Zigya ... Solanaceae Liliaceae And Fabaceae Family An Overview Asphodelus Tenuifolius Piazi Family Liliaceae … In India, the commercial source of belladonna is Atropa accuminata Royle also known as Indian belladonna. Bentham and Hooker's system of classification is universally used for classification of plants. The following is the list of genera belonging to solanaceae which are used for ornamental purposes, Solanaceae: General characters, Distribution, Important plants, Economic importance and Floral diagram, Previous years questions with explanations...for all competitive exams, Annular plants with funnel-form flowers in shades of white, pink or purple, Annular plants with long pedicillate flowers in various colours, Herbaceous plants with variously coloured flowers in terminal cymes, Annular plants with salver-form fragrant flowers, Climbers with fragrant flowers in shades of white, violet or blue, Shrubs with showy fragrant flowers in large terminal cymes, Shrubs with green, whitish or yellow sweet fragrant flowers. Where are the pollen grains formed in the flower? Floral formula and floral Diagram of Solanaceae. Solanum tubersum potato-white or Irish potato it is a vital plant in this own family. Leaf: Leaves are simple, entire, lobed, exstipulate and petiolate. Bracteate or ebracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Solanaceae - General Description in Semi-Technical Terms. They are usually simple or pinnately lobed. What is the significance of transpiration? Corolla is gamopetalous and funnel-shaped (Datura), campanulate (physalis), rotate (Solanum). Henbane has commercial value and is used as sedative in conditions like asthma and whooping cough. Inflorescence: It is usually cymose type. Different varieties of tobacco are cultivated for different products like hukka, bidi, cigarette, cigar and pipe tobacco. 00:02:16. The following is a list of some important members of family Solanaceae, arranged alphabetically: The family solanaceae contributes several important food, drug and ornamental plants to human race. Some economically important members are : Solanum tuberosum (potato), important vegetable Answer. Aerial, erect, climbing (Solanum jasminoides), herbaceous, or woody, cylindrical, branched, solid or hollow, hairy, or glabrous, underground stem in Solanum tuberosum. Root System: Taproot system. Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. In Solanaceae, flower is pedicelate, bracteate or ebracteate, bisexual, actinomorphic, complete, hypogynous, pentamerous. Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Ebracteate, sub-sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Floral characters. Pushpendu Mondal has completed his Bachelors in Microbiology Honours form St. Xavier's College, Kolkata and completed his Masters from IIT Bombay in Biotechnology. Characteristics and economic importance of family Solanaceae. Write its floral formula and economic importance. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Meals: Many plants of this circle of relatives are used as food. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 8. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. MEDIUM. It becomes tetralocular due to the development of false septum in Datura. Solanum melongena is used as a vegetable. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, campanulate, pentafid, valvate, hairy, green, inferior. Stamens 5, polyandrous, epipetalous, alternating with the petals, filaments long, anthers basifixed, dithecous, introrse. For example: Solanum jasminoides (fragrant, white tinted blue flowers), Solanum dulcamara (violet spotted green flowers), Solanum seaforthianum (blue or purple flowers). Medicinal: Artemisia yields a drug santonine. Major genera: Valeriana (200), Lonicera (150), Scabiosa (80), and Valerianella (50). 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